IF you or your child suffers from allergies, asthma, sinusitis, skin rashes, hives, food or drug allergies, our allergy and immunology department can manage and treat your health concern.
What is allergic disease?
The actions that take place in your immune system, the body's defense system against hazardous substances, cause the symptoms of allergic disease. A person with an allergic disease's body recognizes certain substances, known as allergens, as hazardous. These substances trigger allergic reactions within that person’s immune system.
When someone predisposed to allergic disease encounters an allergen to which they are sensitive, a chain of events occurs. The primary culprit instigating these events in people with allergies is an antibody called IgE. IgE “defends” the body by seeking to remove the offending allergens from the body’s tissues and bloodstream. The first time an allergen enters an allergic person’s body, IgE antibodies are produced in response. These antibodies then travel to cells called mast cells, attach themselves to these cells, and wait for the next time the allergens enters the system.
When they do; the IgE antibodies “capture” the allergens, essentially removing them from circulation. The mast cells then assist further by releasing special chemicals called mediators. These mediators produce the classic symptoms of allergic reactions-swelling of body tissues, sneezing, wheezing, coughing and other symptoms. Due to the complexity of allergic disease, it is not yet full understood why some substances trigger allergies and others do not, nor why every person does not develop an allergic reaction after exposure to allergens.
Common types of allergic diseases include:
- Allergic rhinitis is attributed by sneezing, congestion, itching and dripping of the nose, and itchy, watery eyes.
- Asthma or a chronic lung disease characterized by coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing.
- Sinusitis and otitis media, which is inflammation of the nasal sinuses.
- Atopic dermatitis, or eczema which can be included itching, reddening, and flaking or peeling of the skin.
- Urticaria, is itchy, red bumps that appear on the surface of the skin.
- Anaphylaxis or systemic allergic reaction generally caused by substances that are injected or ingested including some foods and medications, insect stings and latex.
- Allergic Asthma
- Chronic Cough
- Insect Bites
- Allergic Rhinitis
- Food Allergy
- Drug Allergy
- Skin Prick Test Spirometry
- Patch Test
- Immunotherapy (OIT,SCIT)
- Desensitization (Aspirin)
- Drug Hypersensitivity Test (Penicillin, Cephalosporins, Lidocain)